Conserving water doesn’t have to involve the cost and inconvenience of tearing up your yard to install a new irrigation system. It’s easy to save water and reduce your utility bills with simple changes to your landscaping and gardening routine. Following are eight tips to help you conserve water by simply choosing the right plant material for your landscape:
- Landscape to suit your lot. Choose grass or plants that have low water requirements and will thrive in your local climate. Consider your lot’s exact features, including sun and shade, dry and damp areas, plant size, and how you plan to use each section of your yard.
- Keep soil healthy. Aerating your lawn once a year helps improve water penetration. When planting, turn and cultivate the soil and add compost or fertilizer to improve moisture retention and grow healthier plants that need less water to stay strong.
- Mulch well around plants, bushes and trees. Using 3 inches of mulch reduces evaporation, moderates soil temperature, improves water penetration, and helps control weeds that compete for water.
- “Hydro-zone” your yard. Grouping plants with similar moisture needs in the same area makes it easier to make sure they get the water they need without over-watering. Separate plants from grassy areas, which have different water requirements.
- Plant in spring or fall. Avoid summer, when hotter temperatures mean plants need more water to become established.
- Save grass for functional areas. Plant grass in play zones and other areas where it will be used and enjoyed. Instead of planting turf on sleep slopes or other hard-to-water spaces, consider ground cover, perimeter plants or mulch.
- Plant shade trees. The shade they cast creates natural “air-conditioning,” lowering air and soil temperatures and reducing soil moisture loss.
- Maintain your yard regularly. A well-maintained yard requires less water, so weed, prune and mow as needed.
Smart Irrigation Month is an initiative of the Irrigation Association, a non-profit industry organization dedicated to promoting efficient irrigation. Learn more at www.smartirrigationmonth.org.